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How people become what they are:



General principles:

Motor movement develops faster than the complex sensors such as vision and hearing. Higher order thinking develops last.


The brain is a large set of collections of neurons that when stimulated make more connections with other neurons, unused neurons lose connections and die off. The brain is a complex collection of systems working together to construct understanding, detect patterns, crate rules and make sense of experience.


(Paiget, 1970a) four factors biological maturation (Growing bigger), activity (learning by doing), social experience (learning from others) and equilibration.

Organisation the combining, arranging, recombining and rearranging of behaviours and thoughts into coherent systems.

Schemes are basic building blocks of thinking.

Adaptation adjusting to the environment. Assimilation and accommodation.

Assimilation use existing schemes trying to understand something new by using existing schemes enlarging schemes.

Accommodation - if data does not fit existing schemes new ones are developed. We adjust our thinking to fit the new information.


Equilibration: (Paiget) Organising, assimilating and accommodating can be seen as a complex balancing act. Equilibration the act of searching for balance changes thinking. (Continual testing of adequacy of their thinking processes to achieve balance)

We continually assimilate new information using existing schemes and we accommodate our thinking whenever unsuccessful attempts to assimilate produce disequilibrium.